Breaking the Asian record but not reaching the final? You think this is a super high-level sports competition, but it is actually another creative invention and controversial "joke" in Chinese sports.
In the recent 2020 National Swimming Championships, there have been many athletes who have created great pool performances, but they missed the finals because their physical test results did not meet the standards. For example, Guangdong player Yu Hexin broke Ning Zetao's national record with 21.79 in the men's 50m freestyle preliminaries, but failed to enter the top eight due to physical fitness test rankings. The familiar "fantastic girl" Fu Yuanhui also ranked first in the women's 100m backstroke preliminaries and was eliminated.
What's even more funny is that in synchronized swimming, Olympic runner-ups Huang Xuechen and Sun Wenyan were also blocked from the finals because they could not "sit forward". Even the National Chess League A has introduced physical fitness tests, requiring athletes to complete the 1,000-meter run, standing long jump, and forward bending.
Although these are relatively conventional items that have been introduced in China’s universities, middle schools and primary schools, they are used as the threshold for elimination of some non-strongly related competitions. It is a bit "put the cart before the horse", and it is reminiscent of the past in Chinese football. The painful "YOYO physical test" and "12-minute run".
尽管这些是在中国的大学，中学和小学中引入的相对常规的项目，但它们被用作消除一些无关紧要的比赛的门槛。这有点“把马车放在马前”，让人想起中国足球的过去。痛苦的“ YOYO体检”和“ 12分钟跑步”。
In the 2002 World Cup, the South Korean team advanced to the semi-finals with the attitude of "cannot run", which shocked the world. However, the Chinese men's football team has not received any results, and the physical problem that has been criticized is once again targeted by public opinion and put on the desk of relevant departments. Therefore, in order to learn from the experience of neighboring countries, in 2003 the Chinese Football Association announced the introduction of "YOYO Physical Test", hoping to enhance the physical condition of Chinese players.
"YOYO Physical Test" was invented by Danish scholar Jens Bangsbo in the field of physiology and sports science. He is also a former member of the coaching staff of Juventus and the Danish national team. This item actually measures the athlete's endurance during continuous acceleration, deceleration, emergency stop, and turning when reaching the physical limit. Its main form is a 20-meter variable-speed turning back run.
“ YOYO物理测试”是丹麦学者Jens Bangsbo在生理学和体育科学领域发明的。他还是尤文图斯和丹麦国家队教练组的前成员。该项目实际上测量运动员在持续加速，减速，紧急停止和达到极限时的转弯过程中的耐力。它的主要形式是20米变速回程运行。
In the YOYO physical test, there are 20 speed indicators. During the test, there will be a machine next to it to give instructions to the athletes. The larger the number heard by the athletes, it means that the faster the speed changes. If you pass a speed index, then go to the next index and run back and forth until the physical test standard is completed. If you can't keep up, you will be prompted to stop by the machine, indicating that it is unqualified. Since being introduced to the Chinese football circle for a long time, the quality of physical test results means whether Chinese players can qualify for the league.
At that time, the Chinese Football Association formulated such a standard, which required three 20-meter retracements under the 17-speed standard on the plains, and once on the plateau. After conversion, the total distance to reach the standard is 2,280 meters for plains and 2,200 meters for plateaus. It seems that the distance is not far, but it will consume a lot of physical energy in the process of turning back at constant speed. Therefore, in those days, many players were physically challenged. If they could not pass the test once, the Football Association would give the opportunity to make a supplementary test. If the supplementary test failed, they would not be able to participate in the next season. The former international and fast horse peak, because they did not pass the 2003 physical test, directly announced their retirement. Later, he complained: Without these tests, the player's career could be extended.
In January 2007, Guo'an veteran Yang Pu failed the first physical test. Yang Pu's injury just happened and he is recovering. In order to be able to get the "job permit", he chose to play closed. During the sprint, he fouled twice and was sent off by the chief referee. Yang Pu told the media in an interview: "YOYO physical test is just form, form, form!"
2007年1月，国安退伍军人杨璞（Yang Pu）未能通过首次体检。杨璞的伤刚刚发生，他正在康复。为了能够获得“工作许可证”，他选择了封闭式比赛。在短跑中，他犯规两次，被首席裁判判罚。杨浦在接受媒体采访时告诉媒体：“ YOYO物理测试只是形式，形式，形式！”
Fortunately, he finally passed the supplementary test, which extended his career for two years, and finally won the 2009 Super League championship with Guoan.
In addition to YOYO, there were even earlier 12-point runs that baffled many heroes, and even made people "fearful". The 12-point running was invented by a man named Cooper. The highest standard is to complete a running distance of 3,200 meters in 12 minutes. Football, as a short-distance sprinting event, has some players on the field, he can score goals and run long distances with the ball, but if you let him run for 12 minutes alone, he may not be able to do it.
In the first year of professionalism, Jilin’s international player Li Hongjun had no ball to play for a year because he could not pass by 12 points. Now, the famous and well-known Gao Hongbo, who is the vice chairman of the Football Association, went to Singapore to avoid the 12-point run. For a year. At that time, there were also teams that used young players to run with difficult families in front.
Is the physical test reasonable? In fact, many players and coaches had put forward different views at that time.
Li Yi, the head coach of Shaanxi and now Sichuan Youmusic, said: Physical test is a very headache for every club. Half of the energy in winter training should be put on this, and those with physical difficulties should practice separately. plenty of time. Li Yi believes that physical testing is just a way to motivate players to improve their physical fitness, but it can be completely changed.
Gong Lei, then assistant coach of the Shaanxi team, believed that goalkeepers, defenders, midfielders and forwards, players in different positions have different requirements on the court. If physical testing is necessary, there should be different tests for players in different positions. method.
Due to various criticisms and the fact that Chinese football has not improved its performance due to physical testing, the Chinese Football Association abolished the physical testing system in 2011. But the physical test is not to be put into the cold, but to be fired again after a while.
For example, in the spring of this year, the General Administration of Sports instructed the Chinese Football Association to carry out the "Spring Training" activity, requiring the clubs of the third-level league to organize their own physical fitness reserves and accept random checks by the Football Association. Among them, the items are still YOYO and 12-point running.
The perception that Chinese players have poor physical fitness and that running fast and long distances can make good football is still in the general public. For example, some time ago, the "National Football Team Can't Run Undergraduates" incident triggered by Meituan CEO Wang Xing caused football players to have a war of words with elites in other fields.
It is undeniable that physical fitness is the basis of all sports. Especially in Chinese football, there have been various "three-minute blacks", that is, the decline in physical fitness in the final stage leads to inability to concentrate and unable to keep up with the rhythm of the game. However, the loss is not entirely due to physical fitness, but also a comprehensive factor of skills and tactics, mentality and other aspects.
Athletes use YOYO or 12-point running to strengthen their physical reserves and give them an extra layer of protection on the court. This is by no means a bad thing. But in any event, we don't just recognize physical fitness. Football requires speed, endurance, technique, and overall outlook. How about swimming and chess? Physical fitness can be a standard requirement, but it should never be "put the cart before the horse" or "overwhelmingly dominate" and become an iron threshold for stuck athletes to "start" and "promote".
We returned the topic to the national swimming championship at the beginning. After the controversy arose, Zhou Jihong, a famous Chinese swimming player and current chairman of the Swimming Association, supported the physical test policy: To fully impact the higher level, we must take both basic and special measures. The purpose of adding basic physical fitness tests in national competitions is to make up for the shortcomings of Chinese athletes and improve the competitiveness of Chinese swimmers in the world. The game must be played according to the rules, and everyone is equal before the rules.
Many netizens and industry insiders did not buy it for such a statement. Some media commentators jokingly said: Guo Jingjing and Xiong Ni may have fallen on the track and field and cannot win glory for the country.
In the past, we always said that Chinese football is a layman leading an expert, so there are so many "cuts." Today, as an athlete, Zhou Jihong has cultivated so many Olympic champions and world champions, is it that he doesn't understand the basic laws of sports?